Unenclosed stone hut settlement south-west of Gutter Tor
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Sep-2020 at 19:19:42.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Devon (District Authority)
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 57513 66520
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This site south-west of Gutter Tor is a well-preserved example of an unenclosed hut settlement and provides important evidence of how early farming and stock-rearing communities lived on the Moor.
Low stone walls or banks enclosing a circular internal floor area form the
remains of timber and turf or thatch-roofed dwellings occupied by farmers of
the prehistoric period. They may occur singly or in larger groups and were
sometimes built within a surrounding boundary bank or enclosure. On Dartmoor
the long tradition of building stone-based round houses can be traced back
to the second millennium BC, probably from 1700 BC onwards.
This unenclosed hut settlement south-west of Gutter Tor consists of six hut
circles terraced into the south-facing slope some 500m from the tor. The
group is orientated broadly north-west/south-east; four huts are single and
two are joined together. The huts range from 7.5m to 10.5m in diameter and
the walls, built of small stones and earth, range from 1.5m to 3m in
thickness and from 0.5 to 1.5m in height. There are entrances in the
southern sides of the huts, one retains its jambs.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
SX 56 NE 045,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing