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Long cairn east of Butterdon Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long cairn east of Butterdon Hill

List entry Number: 1012247

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ugborough

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-May-1953

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Oct-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10547

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This long cairn is a well-preserved example of a type of monument very rare on Dartmoor. Its relationship to other monuments of similar and different types and with Cuckoo Ball chambered cairn indicates the wealth of evidence relating to the ritual side of prehistoric life on this part of the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Many examples of prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor, mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500 BC), with a few dating to the Neolithic period (c. 5000-2500 BC). To celebrate or commemorate the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in a roughly hemispherical or sub- rectangular shape over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular structure, or cist, or a chamber made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and a surrounding ditch. This long cairn is one of a very few known on Dartmoor, it lies to the east of Butterdon Hill near the head of Lud Brook and is orientated north/south. The body of the cairn is oval, with maximum dimensions of 23m in length and 11m in width and about 0.9m in height. Large stones along its east side suggest that it was a gallery grave, with a passage leading to the burial chamber.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Fletcher, M J, Grinsell, L V, Quinnell, N V, A Long Cairn on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough, (1974)
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978)
Other
Devon County SMR (SX 65 NE 002),

National Grid Reference: SX 66012 58591

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012247 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 06:54:39.

End of official listing