Bowl barrow, the westernmost of six in Eggringe Wood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012337

Date first listed: 17-Jan-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Jul-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow, the westernmost of six in Eggringe Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Canterbury (District Authority)

Parish: Petham

National Grid Reference: TR 09643 50415

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 bc. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The westernmost barrow in Eggringe Wood is one of a group of six similar examples in the immediate locality. Such a concentration is unusual in Kent and together the barrows demonstrate the importance of the area for burial in the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which comprises an earthen mound encircled by a now partly-infilled quarry ditch. The largest of the barrows in the immediate locality, the mound in this case measures 26m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.6m. The position of the surrounding ditch is marked by a hollow some 2.5m across and 0.2m deep around the edge of the mound. The diameter of the mound and ditch together is 31m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12830

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
(Westernmost bowl barrow of six in Eggringe Wood),
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing