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Roxford moated site, Hertingfordbury

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Roxford moated site, Hertingfordbury

List entry Number: 1012342


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hertingfordbury

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Little Berkhamsted

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Jan-1991

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 11565

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Roxford is a well-preserved example of a Hertfordshire moated site. The monument is largely unaffected by later land use and is considered to have excellent potential for the preservation of archaeological remains. The significance of the site is greatly increased by the presence of a range of historical records relating to the early post Medieval period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the well-defined remains of a Medieval moated enclosure. The enclosure is sub-rectangular in shape measuring some 100m by 75m in maximum external dimensions. The moat comprises three waterfilled arms with the River Lea forming the south-east side of the site. The moat varies in width between 6m and 16m, with the enlarged north angle forming the widest section. In some places the remains of flint walling are visible, revetting the sides of the moat. Entrance to the interior is across a brick arched bridge near the west angle. Two causeways separate the arms of the moat from the river. The interior of the enclosure is uneven. Wall lines visible in dry seasons and surface scatters of Tudor brick and tile provide evidence for the locations of buildings upon the island. A low bank adjacent to the river is the result of recent dredging. Historical records relating to the site include an inventory of rooms dating to 1619 and a sketch of Roxford Manor dating to 1687.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Andrews, TEHAS,
Note of amateur, Bagenal, Mrs, (1990)
Ordnance Survey, N K B, (1971)
Title: Tithe Map (1838) Source Date: 1838 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: TL 30403 10411


© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012342 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Sep-2018 at 12:58:51.

End of official listing