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Moated site at Wake's End

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site at Wake's End

List entry Number: 1012364

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Central Bedfordshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Eversholt

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Feb-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20408

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although the moat at Wake's End has been partially infilled, the site is well documented historically and retains considerable potential for the survival of building remains in the interior.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

To the north-east of Wake's Farm are the remains of a rectangular moated site. The moat forms a flat rectangular terrace, roughly 30m x 60m in area, which cuts back into the hillside so that the outer edges of the northern and eastern arms are higher than the top of the island. The ditch, which is visible as a slight depression, is about 5m wide on three arms and almost 10m wide on its south-eastern arm. Partial infilling of the moat took place within the last few years and there are recent observations which record that the moat was originally 2-3m deep and contained standing water. The central island measures about 40m by 20m. There are three mounds, about 4m across and 0.5m high, located at the edge of the island on the southern, eastern and northern arms. These mounds are considered to be the remains of buildings on the island and fragments of worked stone were found on the island when it was first ploughed. Previous observations also record that the moat was associated with a large, oval fishpond, 30m by 15m in size, which lay 40m or so to the south-east and was attached by a leat to the southern corner of the moat. The history of the moat is linked to that of Wakes Manor, which is known to have belonged to Ralf de Wake in the 13th century. Buildings are shown on the moat island in a parish map of 1765.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Knox, R, Moated Sites Survey, (1981)
Other
Allden, A., SMR 41 ref. 6, (1979)
CRO MA 74/1, (1808)
CRO R 1/248, (1765)
P.A.S., Ordnance Survey Record, (1973)

National Grid Reference: SP 99349 34723

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012364 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 04:07:28.

End of official listing