Kitchen Barrow: a long barrow on Kitchen Barrow Hill
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 28-Jan-2020 at 18:52:31.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- Bishops Cannings
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 06682 64799
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. Kitchen barrow is important, despite evidence for partial excavation, as it survives well and has considerable archaeological potential. The significance of the monument is considerably enhanced by the presence of other long barrows and contemporary sites in the immediate vicinity which indicate the intensity of settlement in the Neolithic period.
The monument includes a long barrow, orientated SW-NE and set below the
crest of a steep south-facing slope. The barrow mound has maximum dimensions
of 33m long by 15m wide and survives to a height of 2m when viewed from the
south-west. Flanking quarry ditches run parallel and contiguous to the
barrow mound. These are 5m wide and up to 0.5m deep on the east side and 1m
deep to the west.
Central hollows on the surface of the mound suggest the site may once have
Worked flint artefacts, probably contemporary with the construction and use
of the monument, are visible on the surface of the adjacent ploughed field.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing