Bowl barrow 250m south west of Ashridge Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2019 at 11:32:04.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Sedgemoor (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- ST 46472 55781
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrow 250m south west of Ashridge Farm survives comparatively well despite areas of localised disturbance caused by plough encroachment and previous excavation and the levelling of the southern side of the barrow mound by road construction. It contains archaeological and environmental information relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The importance of the monument is enhanced by its location in an area which supports a concentration of contemporary burial monuments, thus giving an indication of the nature and scale of human occupation during the Bronze Age period.
The monument includes a bowl barrow located on sloping ground 250m south west
of Ashridge Farm. It consists of a barrow mound 20m in diameter and c.1m
high at its highest point. The southern side of the barrow mound has been
levelled by road construction. Encroachment on the barrow mound by
cultivation has exposed part of the stone kerb which surrounded the mound, the
largest stone of which is 2m in length. Although no longer visible at ground
level a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years
but survives as a buried feature c.3m in width. The barrow was partially
excavated in 1966 by D.J.Tomalin. Finds included a cremation burial beneath
a ceramic urn which was found to be later than the construction of the
The road and a drystone wall which cross the barrow mound are excluded from
the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971), 97
Tomlin, D J, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in A Secondary Cremation..., , Vol. 11(3), (1968), 244-7
Tratman, E K, 'University of Bristol Speleological Society' in Barrow Catalogue, ()
Tratman, EK, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society, , Vol. Vol 3(1), (1927), 32,34-5
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing