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Bowl barrow 250m south west of Ashridge Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 250m south west of Ashridge Farm

List entry Number: 1012592

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: Sedgemoor

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cheddar

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Jul-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Jul-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13875

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 250m south west of Ashridge Farm survives comparatively well despite areas of localised disturbance caused by plough encroachment and previous excavation and the levelling of the southern side of the barrow mound by road construction. It contains archaeological and environmental information relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The importance of the monument is enhanced by its location in an area which supports a concentration of contemporary burial monuments, thus giving an indication of the nature and scale of human occupation during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on sloping ground 250m south west of Ashridge Farm. It consists of a barrow mound 20m in diameter and c.1m high at its highest point. The southern side of the barrow mound has been levelled by road construction. Encroachment on the barrow mound by cultivation has exposed part of the stone kerb which surrounded the mound, the largest stone of which is 2m in length. Although no longer visible at ground level a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m in width. The barrow was partially excavated in 1966 by D.J.Tomalin. Finds included a cremation burial beneath a ceramic urn which was found to be later than the construction of the monument. The road and a drystone wall which cross the barrow mound are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971), 97
Tomlin, D J, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in A Secondary Cremation..., , Vol. 11(3), (1968), 244-7
Tratman, E K, 'University of Bristol Speleological Society' in Barrow Catalogue, ()
Tratman, EK, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society, , Vol. Vol 3(1), (1927), 32,34-5

National Grid Reference: ST 46472 55781

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 22-May-2018 at 03:40:01.

End of official listing