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Newbury Farm moated enclosures and their associated fishponds and leats, Silsoe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Newbury Farm moated enclosures and their associated fishponds and leats, Silsoe

List entry Number: 1012701


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Central Bedfordshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Silsoe

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Dec-1990

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 11548

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The Newbury Farm enclosures are an above average example of a Bedfordshire double moated site. The monument provides a good example of typical water-management strategies associated with rural sites of this size.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of two Medieval moated enclosures and their associated leats and fishponds. The first enclosure is square in shape with arms measuring some 60m in length. The 12m wide moat has been backfilled on south-west and part of the north-west sides to allow for the construction of buildings. The island contains the upstanding Post Medieval remains of Newbury Farm house and two ornamental out-houses on the north-east edge of the island which are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground below the buildings is included. The other buildings (barns and greenhouses) and the ground surfaces are similarly excluded. Associated with the moat are three fishponds connected by a series of inflow and outflow leats. One of the leats also connects to a second moated enclosure to the north-east of Newbury Farm. This moated enclosure is rectangular in form measuring some 55m by 40m inclusive of its 6m wide surrounding moat. The original entrance causeway facing Newbury Farm remains largely intact although there is now a modern bridge (excluded from scheduling). The interior is flat with no visible remains of earlier buildings and features.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Anon, CRO Ref 2 (Re Newbury Farm),
CRO 217/2, Newbury Farm, Silsoe,
J.R.L., (Re Newbury Farm), (1973)
L26/457 (Re Newbury Farm), (1845)
L33/9 (Re Newbury Farm), (1826)
Porter, H, X1/89 (Re Newbury Farm), (1757)

National Grid Reference: TL0762636168


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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012701 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Aug-2018 at 10:04:12.

End of official listing