Two bowl barrows 180m WNW of Puck House, Fishbourne

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012715

Date first listed: 07-Dec-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 180m WNW of Puck House, Fishbourne
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Fishbourne

National Grid Reference: SZ 55870 91731

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 180m WNW of Puck House are a rare example on the Isle of Wight of barrows constructed on a sand subsoil. They are known from partial excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrows and the landscape in which they were constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows on the north west side of an elevated sand and gravel plateau near the north east coast of the Isle of Wight with views to the north over the Solent. The barrows, which are aligned north west-south east, have mounds which measure 35m and 45m in diameter and are c.1.25m and 0.5m high respectively. Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. These ditches have become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at ground level, but survive as buried features c.5m wide. Air photographic evidence shows that the ditch of the north western barrow has a clear break on its northern side. Both barrows have been partially excavated; the north west barrow in 1992 and the south east barrow in 1985. A base sherd of Deverel-Rimbury pottery, a flint implement and flint debitage was recovered from the mound of the north western barrow. The south eastern barrow produced burnt flint, flint debitage, a flint arrowhead, grooved ware and grog tempered pottery amongst other finds.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22036

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Basford, F., I. O. W. SMR No. 1078,
D. L. M. 23.7.84. AP, (1984)
D. L. M. June 1985 AP, (1985)
Tomalin, Dr. D., I. O. W. SMR No.1533,

End of official listing