Unenclosed stone hut settlement north-east of Yadsworthy
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Jul-2019 at 03:44:17.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- South Hams (District Authority)
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 63741 61185
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments, as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This site, north-east of Yadsworthy, is a well-preserved example of an extensive unenclosed hut settlement with enclosures and provides exceptional evidence of how early farming and stock-rearing communities lived on the Moor.
Low stone walls or banks enclosing a circular internal floor area form the
remains of timber and turf or thatch-roofed dwellings occupied by farmers of
the prehistoric period. They may occur singly or in larger groups and were
sometimes built within a surrounding boundary bank or enclosure. On
Dartmoor, the long tradition of building stone-based round houses can be
traced back to the second millennium BC, probably from about 1700 BC
This unenclosed stone hut settlement, comprising thirty-four hut circles and
six enclosures, lies on a gentle slope north-east of Yadsworthy. The
archaeological features lie on either side of a modern track. Fifteen of the
huts are attached to enclosures or banks, four are in two attached pairs,
the rest are detached and they vary in size and construction, remaining up
to a metre high and 12m. in diameter with orthostatic walling and
entrances. The banks also include orthostats, remaining over a metre in
height in some places.
The modern waterworks track is excluded from the scheduling, but the
underlying deposits are included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Devon County SMR,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing