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Enclosure with hut circles and rectangular pens, south of Bala Brook

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Enclosure with hut circles and rectangular pens, south of Bala Brook

List entry Number: 1012775

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: South Brent

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Dec-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Nov-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10578

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. The enclosure with hut circles and rectangular pens, south of Bala Brook is a well preserved example of its kind and provides important evidence of how early farming and stock-rearing communities lived on the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Low stone walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area form the remains of timber and turf or thatch-roofed dwellings occupied by farmers of the prehistoric period. They may occur singly or in larger groups and were sometimes built within a surrounding boundary bank or enclosure. On Dartmoor, the long tradition of building stone-based round houses can be traced back to the second millennium BC, probably from about 1700 BC. This D-shaped enclosure, south of Bala Brook and downstream of its confluence with Red Brook, is approximately 0.75ha in area with Bala Brook forming the flat side, which is not enclosed. It has a massive wall over 3m in width and over 1m in height. The wall's make up includes very large granite boulders, and it has an entrance in its southern side. Attached to the southern wall within the enclosure are five rectangular pens roughly 9.5m by 10m in width and length. Their walls have been rebuilt in places to a height of over a metre, with entrances facing into the enclosure. There are also at least seven hut circles, three cut off from the rest by the Water Board intake fence, they are up to 10m in diameter and their walls are up to 0.5m in height. Some of them retain evidence of entrances on their south-eastern sides.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County SMR SX66SE-090,

National Grid Reference: SX 67143 62863

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012775 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 02:26:47.

End of official listing