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Long Barrow on Windover Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long Barrow on Windover Hill

List entry Number: 1012797

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Long Man

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Sep-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12773

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The example on Windover Hill survives well and retains high archaeological potential, there being no records of diggings which might have disturbed the remains in the past. Also of note is the proximity of this example with the similar monument called Hunters' Burgh, 800m to the NE.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The Long Barrow is situated on gently-sloping ground near the crest of Windover Hill 100m from the head of the much more recent `Long Man of Wilmington' chalk figure. From a distance, however, the monument appears on the skyline. It is oriented NE-SW, but neither of the ends appears higher or broader than the other. The most distinctive feature of the monument is the elongated earthen mound measuring some 68m in length and 12-13m in width. The mound has been divided into 2 uneven parts by a former trackway which gives the false impression of a separate knoll at the NE end. At its highest point the mound survives to a height of nearly 2m above the level of the surrounding ground. Less obvious but nevertheless discernible are a pair of flanking ditches parallel with the mound from which chalk and earth were quarried with which to create the mound. These may be seen as slight hollows in which differently coloured vegetation grows from that which covers the mound and surrounding area. No records of any excavation at the monument survive but an accurate survey was completed earlier this century. This survey clearly indicates that the monument is of a type characteristic of the Neolithic period.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Long Barrows, (1989)
TQ 50 SW 33,

National Grid Reference: TQ 54170 03328

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012797 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 09:32:53.

End of official listing