Part of Penn Moor contour reave

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012807

Date first listed: 22-Sep-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Part of Penn Moor contour reave
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams (District Authority)

Parish: Cornwood

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 60060 62828

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are some of the major features of the Dartmoor landscape. The reaves are part of an extensive system of prehistoric land division introduced during the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They consist of simple linear stone banks used to mark out discrete territories, some of which are tens of kilometres in extent. The systems are defined by parallel, contour and watershed reaves, dividing the lower land from the grazing zones of the higher moor and defining the watersheds of adjacent river systems. Occupation sites and funerary or ceremonial monuments are often incorporated in, or associated with, reave complexes. Their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation, land divisions and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They show considerable longevity as a monument type, sometimes surviving as fossilised examples in medieval field plans. They are an important element in the existing landscape and, as such, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This contour reave forms an important element of the south-west Dartmoor reave system.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This contour reave, which runs in an almost straight line across the slope of Penn Moor, is some 500m in length and runs from a point east of Rook watershed reave in the west to Ford Brook in the east. It is considered likely that it continued eastwards for a further 1.3km to the River Yealm but its probable course is overlain by a newtake wall, beneath which the remains of the reave would lie. The reave is an important element of the south-west Dartmoor reave system. This part of the reave runs from its western end, some 20m east of Penn Beacon settlement on Rook Reave, for some 170m to a gap in which the reave has been robbed over a distance of c.10m. The reave consists of a bank of smallish boulders with occasional large natural boulders and is up to 3m in width and 0.75m in height.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10783

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Fleming, A, The Dartmoor Reaves, (1988), Fig 5
Other
SX66SW-141, 142, 229, 240, SX66SW-141, 142, 229, 240, (1990)

End of official listing