This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Two bell barrows and a bowl barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery adjacent to the Devizes to Beckhampton road on North Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bell barrows and a bowl barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery adjacent to the Devizes to Beckhampton road on North Down

List entry Number: 1012900

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Bishops Cannings

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Nov-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Aug-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21871

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bell barrows and the partially excavated bowl barrow survive well despite having been reduced by cultivation, and form a central focus to the surrounding barrow cemetery. The bowl barrow has been partially excavated. Results of this excavation demonstrate that the barrows will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction and the landscape in which they were built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bell barrows and a bowl barrow aligned broadly east-west and forming part of a round barrow cemetery situated immediately north of the Devizes to Beckhampton road on North Down. The cemetery contains six barrows in all, including three bowl barrows and three bell barrows. All lie in a slight natural trough on the top of the down, later used as the route of a Roman road. At the west is the bowl barrow, sometimes mistaken for a long barrow because ploughing has changed the shape of the mound. The barrow mound measures 28m from east to west and 20m from north to south, standing up to 1m high. Its original diameter is believed to have been c.25m around which lies a 2.5m wide quarry ditch which has become infilled over the years but which will survive buried below the modern ploughsoil. The mound was partially excavated in 1871 when a single cremation in a pottery urn was discovered. The western of the two bell barrows has a mound which measures 19m in diameter and stands up to 1m high. No longer visible at ground level is a 3m wide surrounding berm beyond which lies a 3m wide ditch. The ditch has become infilled over the years due to ploughing but will survive below the modern ploughsoil. The eastern bell barrow mound measures 22m in diameter and stands 1.5m high. Its surrounding berm is c.4m wide and is enclosed by a quarry ditch 4m wide. This too has become infilled over the years but will survive below the modern ploughsoil. Excluded from the scheduling are the post and wire boundary fence and the gravel surface of the lay-by and the road surface, although the ground beneath all of these is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
AM 107, Saunders, AD, Wilts 108/b, (1955)
SU 06 NE 702, C.A.O., BOWL BARROW EXCAVATED BY CUNNINGHAM, (1992)
SU 06 NE 702, C.A.O., BOWL BARROW, (1992)
SU 06 NE 703, C.A.O., BELL BARROW, (1992)
SU 06 NE 704, C.A.O., BELL BARROW, (1992)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series Source Date: 1980 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SU 06 NE
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series Source Date: 1980 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SU 06 NE

National Grid Reference: SU 05880 67533

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012900 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 01:33:32.

End of official listing