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Round barrow cemetery on Inkpen Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow cemetery on Inkpen Hill

List entry Number: 1012919

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: West Berkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Inkpen

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Aug-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Jun-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12070

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Inkpen Hill Barrow cemetery is of particular importance because, despite partial excavation in 1908, it survives well and has considerable archaeological potential. The barrow group is central to a wider barrow cemetery, dispersed along the crest of Inkpen Hill. Such monuments provide a clear indication of the intensity with which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three contiguous bowl barrows orientated east-west and set below the crest of a steep north-facing escarpment. The western barrow mound is 9m across and stands to a height of 1m. Surrounding it is a ditch from which the mound material was quarried. This is visible to the south-east as a low earthwork 4m wide and 0.4m deep, and survives elsewhere as a buried feature. The central mound has a diameter of 13m and a height of 1.5m. The ditch is visible as an earthwork, 4m wide and 0.3m deep, to the south of the mound and survives as a buried feature elsewhere. The eastern barrow has a diameter of 10m and is 1m high. The ditch abuts that of the central barrow mound but is visible to the north, south and east to a depth of 0.5m and a width of 4m. All the mounds were partially excavated in 1908. Finds included two cremation burials and a selection of artefacts including pottery and flint tools.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
(Newbury Museum Acc No 1909/117b),
Newbury Museum Acc No 0.4.357, Crawford, O G S,

National Grid Reference: SU 34970 62042

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012919 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 08:15:23.

End of official listing