Long barrow 700m north-west of Tenantry Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013002

Date first listed: 21-Apr-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 30-May-1991


Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 700m north-west of Tenantry Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Rockbourne

National Grid Reference: SU 10157 22197


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. This example is regarded as important as, despite some damage, it survives well, and is one of several long barrows in the immediate area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a long barrow, inconspicuously sited on a flat spur, and currently under cultivation. The barrow mound is orientated SSE-NNW and tapers slightly in plan, with the broader end to the south where there appears to be a concentration of flint nodules. The mound is 60m long, 25m wide and rises to a height of 0.8m at either end. Near the centre of the mound, a slight depression separates the two peaks. Flanking quarry ditches run parallel to the mound on the east and west sides. These are visible as shallow earthwork features and areas of darker earth. They survive to a width of 12.5m. The site is visible from a second long barrow on Little Toyd Down 700m to the NW and another 1km to the NE.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12096

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

End of official listing