Long barrow on Salt Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013003

Date first listed: 09-Apr-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Oct-1990

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow on Salt Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: East Hampshire (District Authority)

Parish: East Meon

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 67256 20090

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. This example is important as it survives well and, with no evidence for formal excavation, has considerable archaeological potential.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow sited across a gentle slope between the summit of Salt Hill and ground falling steeply to the NW. It commands wide views except in a southerly direction but would itself only have been conspicuous from certain distant points. The barrow mound survives as a low earthwork orientated NE-SW and rectangular in plan. It is 44m long, 20m wide and survives to a height of 0.8m above the flanking quarry ditches. These are 9m wide and show as shallow hollows to the NW and SE of the mound. The site is now under grassland, but when last ploughed many large flint nodules were visible in the make-up of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12095

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Draper, C, Mesolithic And Neolithic Distribution In SE Hampshire, (1955)
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
Schofield, A J, 'Archaeology and historic buildings in Hampshire' in Avon And Meon Valleys - Fieldwalking, (1987)

End of official listing