Bowl barrow 300m south of Everington Hill Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013007

Date first listed: 10-Mar-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Feb-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 300m south of Everington Hill Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Yattendon

National Grid Reference: SU 53185 74120

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The importance of the monument south of Everington Hill Cottage is enhanced by the fact that it survives comparatively well, particularly the ditch deposits and buried ground surface. It also has potential for the recovery of both archaeological and environmental evidence.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow 300m south of Everington Hill Cottage and 55m north of the east-bound carriageway of the M4 motorway. The barrow survives to a height of 1m and has a maximum diameter of 30m. The faint trace of an earthwork representing a quarry ditch c.3m wide and which partly extends into a plantation immediately to the south-west, is visible on the south-east side of the mound. The ditch, from which mound material was quarried, was visible as an earthwork surrounding the mound in 1882 and now survives largely as a buried feature. The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 36m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12079

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Ordnance Survey, (Ref Bowl barrow 300m south of Everington Hill Cottage), (1882)

End of official listing