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Three bowl barrows 600m south-west of Knap Cottage

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three bowl barrows 600m south-west of Knap Cottage

List entry Number: 1013057

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Alton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Mar-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Jan-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12187

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400 -1500 bc. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many mare have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Despite partial excavation, much of each of the Knap Cottage bowl barrows survives intact and the group has significant archaeological potential. The presence of numerous other barrows and additional evidence for contemporary settlement on and around Bishop's Cannings Down provides a clear indication of the intensity with which the area was settled during the Bronze Age, further enhancing the significance of the monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three adjacent bowl barrows, orientated north- south, and set on gently sloping ground 400m north of a steep south- facing escarpment. The northern barrow stands to a height of 1m and is 20m in diameter. It was partially excavated by Thurnham in 1879, finds including traces of a cremation burial. The central mound is 0.5m high and 8m in diameter. Partial excavation by Thurnham in 1879 revealed traces of a cremation burial. The southern mound is 1m high and 13m in diameter. The site was partially excavated in 1853 although no records are known. Although no longer visible at ground level, all three mounds are surrounded by ditches from which the mound material was quarried. These have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features b.3m wide around the northern and southern mounds and as an earthwork 3m wide and 0.3m deep around the central mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine: Volume 6, , Vol. 6, (), 325

National Grid Reference: SU 11345 63771

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013057 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Jul-2018 at 10:34:15.

End of official listing