Five round barrows 460m east of Stonyford Pond: part of the Beaulieu Heath round barrow cemetery


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:


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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

New Forest (District Authority)
Denny Lodge
National Park:
National Grid Reference:
SU 41689 03882

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Beaulieu Heath round barrow cemetery contains a variety of barrow types, the full range of which survive within this part of the monument. Although some of the barrow mounds have been reduced in size or partially disturbed, all of the barrows retain undisturbed remains and the cemetery as a whole has considerable archaeological potential. The New Forest region is known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation and a considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration and the establishment of a Royal Forest.


This monument includes two bowl barrows, two bell barrows and a fancy barrow situated on lowland heath overlooking Holbury village. One bell barrow is situated in the north-eastern part of the cluster. The barrow mound measures 16m in diameter, stands up to 2m high and is surrounded by a 2.5m wide berm or platform. A hollow in the centre of the mound suggests previous partial excavation or exploration. The ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow, surrounds the berm. This has become partly infilled over the years but survives as a 2.4m wide and 0.7m deep earthwork. The second barrow which lies 34m to the south has been identified as a fancy barrow. The site is 13m in diameter and defined by a 3m wide and 0.2m high bank, with a small break in the north-western side and an outer quarry ditch 1.6m wide and 0.3m deep. A slight elongated mound in the interior of the earthwork may represent a small central barrow mound. The third, and most substantial barrow lies 36m to the west, and has been identified as a bell barrow. The surviving mound measures 26m long, 20m wide and stands up to 5m high. A hollow in the top of the mound suggests previous partial excavation or exploration. A 3m wide berm survives on the northern side of the mound, but is not visible on the south where the construction of a shooting butt has obscured this feature. The berm is surrounded by the quarry ditch which survives as a 3m wide and 0.5m deep earthwork on the north side and as a buried feature elsewhere. Two parallel banks, leading south from the southern edge of the mound, are part of the later shooting butt. The fourth barrow lies 16m to the west and is defined by a bank measuring 0.8m wide and up to 0.3m high defining an area 9m across. A low mound in the centre of this earthwork measures 2.5m long, 2m wide and 0.1m high. This feature has been identified as a bowl barrow, though it now resembles a fancy barrow. Although no longer visible, the ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow, survives as a buried feature. The fifth barrow lies 10m to the west and, although no longer visible at ground level, an 8m diameter circular patch of darker grass indicates the position of this bowl barrow. Some of the mound probably survives and the quarry ditch exists as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, (1938), 212
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, (1938), 360
Ancient Monuments AM7 - HA 267e,
Darvill, T.C., Monument Class Description - Round Barrow Cemeteries, 1988,
Gerrard, S, Fancy barrow 460m east of Stonyford Pond, (1991)
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU40SW30B,
National Archaeological Record, SU40SW8B,


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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