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Moated site and associated enclosure at Church Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and associated enclosure at Church Farm

List entry Number: 1013181

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wokingham

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Barkham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Mar-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 03-May-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12022

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known in England, relatively few survive in Berkshire. This example (the probable site of the medieval manor) survives particularly well and its importance is enhanced by its proximity to the contemporary church of St. James. The site also has potential for further archaeological investigations following observations in 1982.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site and an associated enclosure immediately south-east of St. James's Church. The moat is water-filled and in good condition. It is of irregular shape with external dimensions of approximately 75m NE-SW and 50m NW-SE and with a causeway on the north-west side. The moat varies in width between 5 and 7m while the island has dimensions of 50m NE-SW and 40m NW-SE. Observations in 1982 suggested at least one recut of the moat and deliberate backfilling after the middle ages. Adjacent to the moat on the north-east side is a field with dimensions of 60m NW-SE by 45m NE-SW. It is surrounded on all sides by a ditch and stands 0.5m higher than surrounding land. It is considered to represent the farmyard area of the original manor. Excluded from the scheduling are the modern Church cottage and two outbuildings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Fasham, P, Observation of a sewer trench at Church Cottage moated site, (1982)
Other
West Cambridgeshire, Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, An Inventory of Historical Monuments in Cambridgeshire, (1968)

National Grid Reference: SU 78442 66369

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013181 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 04:26:57.

End of official listing