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Pinchinthorpe Hall moated site and post medieval gardens

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Pinchinthorpe Hall moated site and post medieval gardens

List entry Number: 1013215

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Redcar and Cleveland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Guisborough

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Jul-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26952

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Moated sites are uncommon in north east England and whilst the example at Pinchinthorpe has been modified by later building and landscaping, significant remains survive below the present ground surface. The earliest landscaping and gardening activities date to the 1660s and will contribute to the studies of garden history.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site, modified in later years, and later garden features at Pinchinthorpe Hall. The medieval hall has been replaced with a house dating to the 17th century, although remains of the earlier building will be preserved beneath the present gardens. The moat is identifiable for most of its course, although it has been partly infilled and modified by landscaping in the 17th and 19th centuries. To the east and north sides the moat is a consistent 10m wide, up to 1.3m deep, with a well preserved bank up to 2.2m high. From the north west angle to the formal 17th century gateway on the west side the moat has been infilled, although its course can be recognised as a shallow depression up to 0.2m deep. To the south of the gateway, the inner bank of the moat is well preserved standing up to 2.7m high, and continues around the south west angle for 50m along the southern arm and terminates at a sunken garden, cut into the moat. The eastern end of the southern arm is infilled. The entrance to the site is thought to have been on the western side on the site of the 17th century formal entrance. The moat and bank were modified in the 17th century and further garden features were added in the 18th and 19th centuries. The moat was modified by enlarging the earthworks to create a water feature within the moat at the north east angle, supplied by a culvert to the south east and later regulated by a sluice crossing the eastern arm of the moat. A formal path was laid along the bank of the east arm and prospect mounds created on the north east and south west angles. To the west the moat was infilled and the boundary wall and formal gateway built on the site of the original entrance to the medieval site. It is believed that further remains of 17th century landscaping will be preserved within the monument. In the 19th century further garden features were introduced including: a sunken garden in the southern arm of the moat, comprising a stone lined area 15m by 10m and housing an early 20th century revolving summerhouse; a terraced garden, comprising steps and raised beds 40m by 10m on the east edge of the moat; a kitchen garden with greenhouses in the south east corner. The origins of Pinchinthorpe Hall date to the 12th century when the Norman family of Pinchun held land there. The site apparently passed from the Pinchuns to the de Thorpes at the beginning of the 14th century and then to the Conyers family in the mid 15th century. In 1576 the manor passed to the Lee family who owned the site for the next 400 hundred years. The monument also includes several Grade II Listed Buildings; the hall, boundary wall, gate and gate piers, which are 17th century and the stables and coach house which are 18th century. These structures and the garages, greenhouses, summer house, chicken house, barn, outbuildings, fences, and the surfaces of all paths, roads, tracks and courtyards are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Dixon, G, Two Ancient Townships; Studies of Pinchinthorpe and Hutton, (1986), 1
Page, W , The Victoria History of the County of Yorkshire North Riding Part II, (1923), 357-360
Page, W , The Victoria History of the County of Yorkshire North Riding Part II, (1923)
RCHME, , Pinchinthorpe Moated Site

National Grid Reference: NZ 57679 14018

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013215 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 08:14:30.

End of official listing