Bowl barrow 670m east of Rowbury Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1013220
Date first listed:
10-May-1933
Date of most recent amendment:
28-Jan-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 670m east of Rowbury Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Oct-2019 at 07:50:33.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Boxford
National Grid Reference:
SU 44503 75182

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Rowbury Farm barrow is important as it survives comparatively well, despite partial excavation, and ditch deposits and the buried ground surface remain intact. The site has considerable potential, for the recovery of archaeological and environmental remains.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of irregular shape situated on a gentle south-facing slope. The barrow survives as a grass-mound measuring 26m from east to west and 15m from north to south. It stands to a height of 1.25m at the west end and 0.75m at the east end. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch from which mound material was quarried, surrounds the barrow. This has been infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow was partially excavated in 1870 although only a quantity of charcoal and ashes were found.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
12068
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Palmer, Dr, 'Transactions of the Newbury and District Field Club' in Transactions of the Newbury and District Field Club, , Vol. 11, (1872), 16
Other
Schofield, A J, Flint Flakes, (1989)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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