Crow Hill Iron Age hillfort with associated Iron Age, Roman and Medieval settlements

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013267

Date first listed: 05-Jan-1990

Map

Ordnance survey map of Crow Hill Iron Age hillfort with associated Iron Age, Roman and Medieval settlements
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Northamptonshire

District: East Northamptonshire (District Authority)

Parish: Irthlingborough

National Grid Reference: SP 95433 71200, SP 95790 71569

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Sites which show evidence of continuous occupation from the Iron Age through to the Early Medieval period are extremely rare. Single examples of each period would normally be considered worthy of preservation. The Crow Hill monument is particularly unusual in having good evidence for all these periods, contained mainly within one enclosure. There are only some 150 univallate hillforts recorded in England. The Crow Hill Iron age hillfort is therefore an important and rare example. It is also significant as the second largest hillfort in the county, making up a cluster with the contemporary Thorpe End enclosure on the eastern side of the River Nene. In all periods external occupation is focussed around the enclosure with distributions falling off away from the centre. The monument has good potential for studying the development of a defended settlement from the Iron age to the Early Medieval period. Although the monument has been ploughed, limited excavation and survey has shown the site to contain high potential for the survival of major archaeological remains below the plough soil.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the site of an Iron Age defended enclosure together with the remains of Roman and Medieval settlements. The Iron Age site comprises a large rectangular enclosure or hillfort, measuring some 250 m. by 175 m., defined by a single bank and ditch. The hillfort contains two rectangular enclosures, a number of house gullies and pits and a concentration of Iron Age pottery, which suggest it was densely occupied. Outside the enclosure, to the east and south-west, smaller amounts of pottery and associated cropmarks indicate the presence of contemporary occupation around the hillfort. A smaller enclosure complex, probably contemporary, is located some 350 m. to the south-west. The hillfort probably remained in use or was reused in the Roman period. Roman domestic remains, including pottery scatters, are mainly concentrated within the enclosure, with the remains of a contemporary occupation site located on a small plateau to the east. A lesser scatter of material in the fields around the enclosure is thought to be related to manuring activities. The Early Medieval settlement is also centred on the earlier hillfort but with additional concentrations of material associated with two small enclosures to the west. Crow Hill and its surrounds are thought to be the original settlement of Yrtlingaburg.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 11506

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Parry, S, Archaeological Investigations At Crow Hill Irthlingborough, (1989)
Foard, G, Parry, S, 'Northants Arch (1986-7)' in Crow Hill, Irthlingborough, (1986), 12
Foard, G, Parry, S, 'Northants Arch (1986-7)' in Crow Hill, Irthlingborough, (1986), 13

End of official listing