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Iron Age field system, banjo enclosure and Romano-British villa, 500m east of Woodham Farm.

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Iron Age field system, banjo enclosure and Romano-British villa, 500m east of Woodham Farm.

List entry Number: 1013269

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kings Worthy

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Nov-1947

Date of most recent amendment: 09-May-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12049

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

"Banjo" enclosures are lightly defended settlement sites of the middle Iron Age (400-100BC), some being occupied as late as the Roman Conquest. They are rare nationally with a distribution centred on, and largely confined to, Wessex where they form a significant and distinctive element of the later prehistoric landscape. Villas were an important component of the Roman-British landscape, representing the most Romanised form of farmstead, and ranging in date from the first to the fourth centuries AD. They usually comprise a well-appointed dwelling house together with agricultural outbuildings and related enclosures and ancillary structures. The significance of the Woodham Farm site is considerably enhanced by the association of the Iron Age enclosure, a broadly contemporary field system and Romano-British villa complex, providing an opportunity to understand changing settlement patterns over a considerable time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an Iron Age enclosure, identified as a "banjo" enclosure, an associated field system and a Romano-British villa complex situated 500m east of Woodham Farm. The field system comprises three cultivation terraces which follow the contours of the dry valley in which the villa complex is situated. The westernmost of the terraces adjoins the circular "banjo" enclosure. Partial excavations in 1925 revealed one of a group of four buildings and related enclosures. This included a pillared hypocaust and five or six other rooms, two of which have tesellated floors.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Perry, B T, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Excavations at Bramdean, Hampshire, 1965 and 1966, (1972), 63-4
Perry, B T, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Excavations at Bramdean, Hampshire, 1965 and 1966, (1972), 63
Other
Hingley, R, HBMC Monument Class Description - banjo enclosures, (1987)

National Grid Reference: SU 48699 33365

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013269 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 04:20:01.

End of official listing