Bowl barrow 800m south-east of Barbury Barn


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013310

Date first listed: 17-Feb-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Oct-1991


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 800m south-east of Barbury Barn
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ogbourne St. Andrew

National Grid Reference: SU 15466 74860

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of the Barbury Barn site and cultivation of the area of the surrounding ditch, much of the monument remains intact and survives comparatively well. It therefore has significant potential for the recovery of archaeological remains. The importance of the site is enhanced by the fact that numerous other barrow mounds survive in the area. These give an indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.


The monument includes a bowl barrow set at the head of a steep-sided dry valley in an area of undulating chalk downland known as Marlborough Downs. The barrow mound is 15m in diameter and stands to a height of 1m. A shallow depression, 4m across and 0.2m deep, in the centre of the mound suggests partial excavation of the site, probably in the late 19th century. A ditch, from which mound material was quarried, surrounds the barrow mound. This is no longer visible at ground level, having been infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow mound has been used as a dump for large sarsen blocks recovered from surrounding fields.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12211

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing