Long barrow 500m south-west of Sanctuary Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Winchester (District Authority)
- South Wonston
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 47237 36078
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. The Sanctuary Farm barrow is particularly important as it is one of three such monuments surviving in the immediate vicinity. Such groups rarely survive and give an indication of the intensity with which areas were settled during the Neolithic period.
The monument includes a long barrow, surviving as a low earthwork and
set in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is
orientated ENE-WSW and survives to a length of 97m. It has a maximum
width of 20m at the NE end and 10m at the SW end. Two ditches, from
which mound material was quarried, flank the mound. Although no longer
visible at ground level, these survive as buried features to a width
of 5m. The site survives to a maximum height of 1m in the hedgerow and
gardens west of West Hill Road North. East of the road, in an area
heavily ploughed over several years, the mound survives to 0.4m high.
The road itself is excluded from the scheduling although the area
beneath the road surface is included.
Although never formally excavated, two finds have been recorded from
the site. A flint scraper was recovered from the SW end of the mound
and a small axe made of greenstone from Great Langdale in the Lake
District, was found in a garden NW of the road.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979), 185-6
Dunning, G C, 'Antiquaries Journal' in A new long barrow in Hampshire, , Vol. 26, (1946)
Winchester City Museum, Re: Sanctuary Farm long barrow,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing