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Moated site and surrounding earthwork enclosure, 100m south of Chelworth Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and surrounding earthwork enclosure, 100m south of Chelworth Farm

List entry Number: 1013353

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Cricklade

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Feb-1955

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Mar-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12037

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few survive in Wiltshire. This example is of particular importance as it survives well and has a good range of associated earthworks surrounding the site.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a sub-rectangular moated site and surrounding earthwork enclosure 100m south of Chelworth Farm. The moat is aligned east-west with a single causeway facing west. The site has maximum external dimensions of approximately 80m across with the island 60-70m across. The moat is up to 10m wide and deepest on the west side where it survives to a depth of 2m. Piles of rubble, possibly associated with an original structure, survive in the ditch to the west and north of the island. Also a large amount of rubble under a thin grass cover survives on the interior. The interior also has slight traces of an inner bank. Outer earthworks surround the moat. These includes a cresent-shaped outer bailey with slight inner bank and dry ditch to the north-east.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

National Grid Reference: SU 08335 92006

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013353 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 02:54:03.

End of official listing