Saucer barrow 170m SW of Ditchling Cross, Plumpton Plain

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013367

Date first listed: 29-Apr-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Saucer barrow 170m SW of Ditchling Cross, Plumpton Plain
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013367 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 20:22:04.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes (District Authority)

Parish: Plumpton

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 35901 12681

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Saucer barrows are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, most examples dating to between 1800 and l200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). They were constructed as a circular area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound covering one or more burials, usually in a pit. The burials, either inhumations or cremations, are sometimes accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow, with about 60 known examples nationally, most of which are in Wessex. The presence of grave goods within the barrows provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a rare and fragile form of round barrow, all identified saucer barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite the localised damage to the barrow caused by the unrecorded previous excavation, most of the monument survives intact. Large areas therefore retain their archaeological potential for the recovery of evidence of the function and duration of the use of the monument and of the environment in which it was created.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a saucer barrow of Bronze Age date, comprising not only the shallow circular ditch and the low dome-shaped mound within it, but also an area around the ditch in which slight traces of an encircling bank can be seen in favourable lighting conditions. The whole barrow measures 11m in diameter, this being made up of an encircling bank of 1m width and a ditch 0.25-0.30m deep leading into the low dome 8m across which rises barely 0.10m above the level of the surrounding land. The slight dimple in the top of the dome suggests that antiquarian excavators have investigated the monument. The monument lies close to an earlier oval barrow and a broadly contemporary bowl barrow.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12801

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
TQ31 SE13 B,

End of official listing