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Snittlegarth moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Snittlegarth moated site

List entry Number: 1013386

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Allerdale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bewaldeth and Snittlegarth

National Park: LAKE DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Jun-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Aug-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23795

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Snittlegarth moated site survives reasonably well, its earthworks in particular remaining well preserved. It is a good example of a small homestead moat and will retain evidence for the building that originally occupied the island during the 14th century. Additionally the waterlogged parts of the moat will contain organic material.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Snittlegarth medieval moated site. It is located on a small plateau on a gently sloping hillside c.500m south west of Snittlegarth Farm and includes an island surrounded by a moat which is boggy in places and which is flanked on its eastern side by an outer bank. The island measures c.25m by 12m and is raised up to 1m above the surrounding landsurface. Surrounding the island is a partly waterlogged moat 4m-5m wide and up to 1.5m deep. The moat is flanked on its eastern side by an outer bank measuring c.4.5m wide and up to 1m high. Documentary sources dated to 1367 state that Sir Robert de Tilliol granted land at Ireby `except the site of the manor house within the water ditches' and thus indicate that the moated site was occupied during the mid-14th century. All modern fences are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Curwen, J F, 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc. Extra Ser.' in Castles and Towers of Cumb, West and Lancs N of the Sands, , Vol. 13, (1913), 45
Graham, T H B, 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc. New Ser.' in Scaleby, , Vol. XXI, (1921), 148
Other
AM 107. FMW Report, Fairless, K, Snittlegarth Moated site, (1993)
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)

National Grid Reference: NY 21638 37477

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013386 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 02:15:13.

End of official listing