Roman Fort, Bolham Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013409

Date first listed: 02-Apr-1990

Map

Ordnance survey map of Roman Fort, Bolham Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Mid Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Tiverton

National Grid Reference: SS 95598 14280

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman forts are rare in south-west England and this site, is an important addition to our understanding of the Roman advance into and occupation of Devon and the far South-West. Agriculture has caused only slight disturbance to the surface of archaeological features and limited excavation has enhanced understanding of the site while leaving the majority of it undisturbed. Excavation and aerial photographs reveal good preservation of the diverse range of features (ditches, rampart, gateways, causeways, roads and other structures) within and around the earthworks.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The Roman Fort site at Bolham Hill is that of an earth and wood fort of the last quarter of the first century AD. It is 1.40ha in area and of classic "playing card" shape, with a single rampart and ditch, causeways and gateways through these and roads crossing the interior. Excavation has shown that the fort is remarkably well-preserved, the road surfaces, for example, being undisturbed and the rampart surviving to a height of 10cm. Aerial photographs reveal further structures in the unexcavated parts of the interior and associated cropmarks outside the rampart. The above ground remains of the derelict Bolham Hill Barn are excluded from the scheduling, the ground beneath the barn, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10502

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Griffith, F, Devon's Past: An Aerial View, (1988)
Griffith, F, Roman Military Sites In Devon: Some Recent Discoveries, (1984)
King, A C, A Roman Marching Camp near Tiverton, (1978)
Other
Maxfield, V.A., Tiverton Roman Fort: Interim report on excavation 1986, 1986,
SS 91 SE 053; APs,

End of official listing