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Burroway enclosure

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Burroway enclosure

List entry Number: 1013417

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: Vale of White Horse

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Buckland

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bampton

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Clanfield

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 05-Jan-1990

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12006

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Prehistoric enclosures on the floodplain of major rivers rarely survive in such a complete state. The Burroway enclosure is considered to be of considerable value, both for the well-preserved timber structures surviving in the bank, and for the exceptional preservation of archaeological deposits on the interior. Furthermore, from its position by the river and by comparison with other sites, waterlogged deposits may be expected to survive in the ditches. This being the case, the survival of environmental evidence would provide a context within which the enclosure may be better understood.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The site comprises an oval defensive enclosure dating to the Iron Age (100- 50BC) situated on the floodplain of the river Thames and on an island between the main river and the Burroway Brook. The enclosing earthwork is broad with the bank rising to about 1m above the surrounding area. Outside the bank is a ditch c.5m wide and c.2m deep which has produced Iron Age pottery. Evidence for burning exists in the form of burnt clay fragments on the surface of the bank and charred wood within it. Three possible entrances have been identified, on the east, north and west sides, the former containing evidence for a "hornwork". Air photography suggests the presence of houses, pits and ditches on the interior.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Benson, D, Mile, D, The Upper Thames Valley: An Archaeological Survey, (1974)
Harding, D W, The Iron Age in the upper Thames Basin, (1972)
Sutton, J E G, IA Hilforts And Some Other Earthworks In Oxfordshire, (1966)
Other
Lambrick, G., Unpublished report and excavation archive,
SP 3000-1,

National Grid Reference: SP 30893 00367

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013417 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 04:10:04.

End of official listing