Burroway enclosure

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013417

Date first listed: 05-Jan-1990

Map

Ordnance survey map of Burroway enclosure
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 15-Oct-2018 at 14:25:21.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: Vale of White Horse (District Authority)

Parish: Buckland

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Bampton

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Clanfield

National Grid Reference: SP 30893 00367

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Prehistoric enclosures on the floodplain of major rivers rarely survive in such a complete state. The Burroway enclosure is considered to be of considerable value, both for the well-preserved timber structures surviving in the bank, and for the exceptional preservation of archaeological deposits on the interior. Furthermore, from its position by the river and by comparison with other sites, waterlogged deposits may be expected to survive in the ditches. This being the case, the survival of environmental evidence would provide a context within which the enclosure may be better understood.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The site comprises an oval defensive enclosure dating to the Iron Age (100- 50BC) situated on the floodplain of the river Thames and on an island between the main river and the Burroway Brook. The enclosing earthwork is broad with the bank rising to about 1m above the surrounding area. Outside the bank is a ditch c.5m wide and c.2m deep which has produced Iron Age pottery. Evidence for burning exists in the form of burnt clay fragments on the surface of the bank and charred wood within it. Three possible entrances have been identified, on the east, north and west sides, the former containing evidence for a "hornwork". Air photography suggests the presence of houses, pits and ditches on the interior.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12006

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Benson, D, Mile, D, The Upper Thames Valley: An Archaeological Survey, (1974)
Harding, D W, The Iron Age in the upper Thames Basin, (1972)
Sutton, J E G, IA Hilforts And Some Other Earthworks In Oxfordshire, (1966)
Other
Lambrick, G., Unpublished report and excavation archive,
SP 3000-1,

End of official listing