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Bowl barrow in Birch Grove, Martlesham Heath

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow in Birch Grove, Martlesham Heath

List entry Number: 1013435

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Suffolk Coastal

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Martlesham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Dec-1960

Date of most recent amendment: 21-Jun-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21269

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the bowl barrow at Birch Grove, Martlesham Heath has been buried and partly reduced, the greater part of the mound remains in the condition recorded prior to 1989 and the surrounding ditch survives as a buried feature. These records confirm that the monument survives well. Evidence concerning the construction of the barrow and the manner and duration of its use, as well as the local environment at that time, will be contained in the mound, in the soils preserved beneath it, and in the fill of the buried ditch. The monument is one of a large group of barrows recorded on and around Martlesham Heath, including three which survive as visible monuments within a distance of 425m to south and east.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small bowl barrow situated in a private garden on what was once wooded heathland and formerly visible as an earthen mound encircled by a ditch. Since 1989 the barrow has been obscured as a result of the dumping of soil on and around it, so as to raise the level of the surrounding surface, and of the removal of approximately 0.15m of material from the top of the mound. The mound is recorded as covering an area 8.5m in diameter and as having stood to a height of between 0.5m and 0.8m, with a slight hollow in the surface which marked the site of an old excavation. The ditch, from which material was dug and used in the construction of the mound, had become largely infilled, but was visible as a slight depression in the ground surface on the south east side of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Healy F, AM107 (1985), (1985)
Record of visit to assess damage, BGL 009, (1989)
Robertson-Mackay, R, AM7, (1959)

National Grid Reference: TM 24569 44794

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013435 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 08:29:32.

End of official listing