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Section of cross ridge dyke and hollow way 200m north west of Pond Head Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Section of cross ridge dyke and hollow way 200m north west of Pond Head Farm

List entry Number: 1013439

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Oulston

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-May-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Aug-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26974

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

This section of cross dyke is preserved as a prominent earthwork forming a clear division across the landscape. Significant remains are preserved which will retain information about the original form and function of the earthwork and offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in the prehistoric period. Information on the cross dyke's relationship to the hollow way will also be preserved.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a section of prehistoric cross ridge dyke extending for 130m north to south, crossed by a medieval hollow way. The dyke has two parallel ditches with a central bank and further banks on the outside. The ditches of the double earthwork are between 4m and 5m wide and up to 2m deep. The central bank is up to 10m wide and outer banks 10m each in width. The hollow way extends for 160m east to west and is 20m wide and up to 8m deep where it cuts the dyke, but becomes progressively shallower as it rises onto higher ground to the east. To the north the dyke is truncated by the road but continues again 22m beyond this section where it is the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

National Grid Reference: SE 56463 74678

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013439 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2017 at 08:42:47.

End of official listing