Cairn at Rombalds Moor triangulation pillar

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013472

Date first listed: 20-Jun-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairn at Rombalds Moor triangulation pillar
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Bradford (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Ilkley

National Grid Reference: SE 11468 45224

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed settlements are also known. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. A substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although disturbed, this cairn still retains important archaeological evidence of its original form and of the burials placed within it.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a large, circular, truncated cairn 17m in diameter and 0.6m high. The main Rombalds Moor triangulation pillar is located slightly south of the centre of the cairn on an earth and stone mound consisting of cairn material disturbed when the triangulation pillar was erected. The north eastern quadrant of the cairn is hollowed out, probably as a result of stone robbing for the nearby boundary wall. Just to the south of the cairn is an Ordnance Survey bench-mark carved into a boulder.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25293

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Title: OS card SE 14 NW 9 Source Date: 1965 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: OS card SE 14 NW 9 Source Date: 1965 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing