Cross base on south side of Longstone Lane 100m WNW of the entrance to Cobden Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2019 at 04:28:23.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
- Little Budworth
- Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
- Whitegate and Marton
- National Grid Reference:
- SJ 58538 67840
Reasons for Designation
Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to
serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith
amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside
crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and
otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes
linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious
function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners
and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on
Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west
England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type
of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively
few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to
remote moorland locations.
Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross,
in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an
unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and
decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces
of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or
incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was
sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear
decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the
`Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both
faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the
North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed
base or show no evidence for a separate base at all.
Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval
religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval
routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth-
fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from
their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.
The cross base on Longstone Lane survives reasonably well and still stands in its original position adjacent to a medieval road. This road led to Vale Royal Abbey and has three other crosses along it. Very few such crosses survive in Cheshire.
The monument includes a red sandstone cross base on a modern concrete plinth
beside the road called Longstone Lane 100m WNW of the entrance to Cobden Farm.
The cross base measures 0.73m by 0.73m and stands 0.35m high above the plinth.
The socket is 0.34m by 0.34m and 0.16m deep. The sides of the base are worn
but were originally clean cut. The concrete plinth measures 0.9m by 0.9m and
stands 0.75m high. The sides are chamfered to the top.
The cross is in its original position beside a medieval route around the
Abbots Moss to Vale Royal Abbey. There are three other crosses along this road
including the Longstone and the Headless Cross. It is also on the boundary
between the parishes of Whitegate and Marton and Little Budworth.
The cross may be one of seven destroyed by Puritan iconoclasts in the 17th
century leading to a case in the Star Chamber.
The surface of the road is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath it is included.
The cross is Listed Grade II.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Cheshire County Council SMR, (1994)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing