Cross base at Salterswall on the road junction 150m WNW of Westholme Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013478

Date first listed: 30-Aug-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cross base at Salterswall on the road junction 150m WNW of Westholme Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Winsford

National Grid Reference: SJ 62727 67013

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The cross at Salterswall survives reasonably well and stands in its original location beside a medieval road into Vale Royal Abbey. It is one of a small group of surviving crosses in the area to the west of the abbey. The monument serves to remind us of the piety expected of the medieval traveller and the importance of the abbey in the medieval landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a sandstone cross base set in the grass verge at the junction of two minor roads in the centre of the village of Salterswall. The monument is a red sandstone block measuring 0.64m by 0.64m and stands 0.13m high. In the top of the block is a shallow depression representing the socket hole for the missing cross shaft. This measures 0.34m by 0.34m and is 0.3m deep. A groove has been cut in the wall of the socket on the west side to allow rainwater to run out of the socket hole. There are traces of whitewash on the surface of the block. The cross base is in its original location and was a wayside cross marking one of the routes into the precinct of Vale Royal Abbey which lies to the north east two miles away. The cross is one of a group of wayside crosses on the west side of the abbey. The two markers for a water main which lie one metre to the north of the cross base, and the surface of the pavement to the west are not included in the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25700

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing