Bowl barrow in Taylors Wood, 270m north east of Swan Lodge: part of a barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013560

Date first listed: 26-Jun-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Oct-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Taylors Wood, 270m north east of Swan Lodge: part of a barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: North Norfolk (District Authority)

Parish: Cley Next the Sea

National Grid Reference: TG 06841 42115

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 270m north east of Swan Lodge survives well and will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during that time is likely to be preserved, also, in soils buried beneath the mound and in the fill of the ditch. The barrow is a component of the largest round barrow cemetery in Norfolk and has additional interest in that context. Limited investigations of some of the other barrows in the group have shown that the cemetery was in use over several centuries, and includes different types of round barrow and a considerable diversity in the forms and rites of burial. The evidence contained in the barrows as a group is of wider significance for the study of the character and development of the prehistoric population of the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, which is within a dispersed round barrow cemetery extending over an area of c.1.3 sq km on and immediately around Salthouse Heath. The barrow is situated c.140m from the boundary between the parishes of Cley next the Sea and Salthouse to the north and east of it, and is visible as an earthen mound standing to a height of c.1.1m and covering a circular area c.27m in diameter. The mound is thought to be surrounded by a ditch c.3m wide, from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the barrow. This ditch has become infilled and is no longer visible on the ground surface, but will survive as a buried feature. The estimated overall diameter of the barrow is therefore 33m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21358

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing