Bowl barrow 400m east of Swan Lodge: part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1013579
Date first listed: 26-Jun-1924
Date of most recent amendment: 30-Oct-1995
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: North Norfolk (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: TG 07139 41870
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrow 400m east of Swan Lodge survives well, despite the limited excavation of the mound. The area disturbed by this excavation is small in relation to the monument as a whole, which retains archaeological information concerning the construction of the barrow and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment before and during that period is likely to be preserved also, in soils buried beneath the mound. The barrow is a component of the largest round barrow cemetery in Norfolk and has additional interest in that context. The limited investigations of this and other barrows in the group have shown that the cemetery was in use over several centuries and includes different types of round barrow and a considerable diversity in the forms and rites of burial. The evidence contained in these barrows as a group is therefore of wider significance for the study of the character and development of the prehistoric population of the area.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on level ground in the south
western part of Salthouse Heath, 80m east of Bixes Lane and the boundary
between the parishes of Salthouse and Cley next the Sea. The barrow, which is
within a dispersed round barrow cemetery extending over an area of c.1.3 sq
km, is visible as an earthen mound standing to a height of c.1.8m and covering
a circular area c.9m in diameter. The mound is thought to be encircled by a
ditch c.2m wide, similar to ditches which can still be seen around other
barrows in the area. This has become completely infilled and is no longer
visible on the ground surface, but will survive as a buried feature, and the
estimated overall diameter of the barrow is therefore 13m. The barrow was
the subject of a limited excavation carried out in 1914, from which sherds of
Bronze Age pottery were recovered, and the remains of a rectilinear trench
c.0.3m deep and between 1m and 2m wide in the surface of the mound are
believed to mark the area of this investigation.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 21367
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Henderson, E, 'Proc Prehist Soc East Anglia' in Opening of a Barrow at Salthouse, Norfolk, , Vol. 2, (1918), 155
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing