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Disc barrow south east of Bard Hill: part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Disc barrow south east of Bard Hill: part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath

List entry Number: 1013580

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: North Norfolk

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Salthouse

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Oct-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21368

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Disc barrows, the most fragile type of round barrow, are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, with most examples dating to the period 1400-1200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). Disc barrows were constructed as a circular or oval area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and containing one or more centrally or eccentrically located small, low mounds covering burials, usually in pits. The burials, normally cremations, are frequently accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. It has been suggested that disc barrows were normally used for the burial of women, although this remains unproven. However, it is likely that the individuals buried were of high status. Disc barrows are rare nationally, with about 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare and fragile form of round barrow, all identified disc barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The disc barrow south east of Bard Hill is of a type which is particularly rare in Norfolk and survives well. It will contain archaeological information concerning its construction, date and the manner of its use. Evidence for the local environment at that time is also likely to be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and the bank, and in the fill of the ditch. The barrow is a component of the largest barrow cemetery in Norfolk, and has additional interest in that context. The cemetery includes several different forms of barrow, and limited investigations of some of them have shown a considerable diversity in the date and type of burial associated with them. The evidence contained in the barrows as a group is therefore of wider significance for the study of the character and development of the prehistoric population of the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a disc barrow located towards the northern end of Salthouse Heath, within a dispersed barrow cemetery which extends over an area of c.1.3 sq km. The barrow is visible as a small earthen mound standing offset on the eastern side of a circular platform which is surrounded and defined by a ditch and the remains of an external ring bank. The mound measures c.0.5m in height and covers a circular area c.8m in diameter, and the platform on which it stands measures c.12m in diameter. The encircling ditch from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the barrow, has become partly infilled, but is marked by a slight hollow c.2m wide in the ground surface. The bank which encloses the whole is most clearly defined on the west side of the monument, where it stands to a height of c.0.2m and measures c.5m in width at the base. The overall diameter of the barrow is c.26m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in Disc Barrows, , Vol. 40, (1974), 82, 100
Other
6211; North Norfolk, Salthouse,
NAR TG 04 SE 22,

National Grid Reference: TG 07490 42881

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 11:25:22.

End of official listing