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Bowl barrow 280m east of Yatton Marsh Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 280m east of Yatton Marsh Farm

List entry Number: 1013646

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: County of Herefordshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Aymestrey

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Jan-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27486

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 280m north east of Yatton Marsh Farm is a well preserved example of this class of monument. The mound will retain details of its method of construction, and evidence of the burial or burials within it. The accumulated deposits in the surrounding ditch will contain environmental evidence of activity at and around the barrow. These fills will also preserve evidence of the prehistoric landscape in which the barrow was constructed, as will the buried ground surface beneath the mound itself. Today the barrow is easily visible to members of the public passing along the adjacent footpath to the common, and is an important element in the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a bowl barrow, situated on a north facing slope at the western foot of Croft Ambrey hillfort. The barrow is immediately north of a footpath leading from Leinthall Common to Yatton, and is surrounded by mature trees. Prior to afforestation it would have been a clearly visible landmark on the valley side, commanding a view north up the valley to the River Teme. The remains include an earthen mound, roughly oval at the base and measuring 9m diameter north to south and 6m diameter east to west. The mound is 0.85m high. A 2m wide ditch was visible around the barrow in 1975, from which material for the construction of the mound will have been quarried. However, this feature is no longer visible on the surface. A shallow scoop touches the mound on its west side and another cuts into it slightly on the east. The unsurfaced public footpath abuts the southern (upslope) edge of the barrow mound. The footpath has a wooden post fence on either side; this fence is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Pye, W, Herefordshire Archaeological News, (1975)

National Grid Reference: SO 43701 66930

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013646 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 07:53:44.

End of official listing