Bowl barrow 280m east of Yatton Marsh Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013646

Date first listed: 11-Jan-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 280m east of Yatton Marsh Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013646 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2018 at 06:32:41.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Aymestrey

National Grid Reference: SO 43701 66930

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 280m north east of Yatton Marsh Farm is a well preserved example of this class of monument. The mound will retain details of its method of construction, and evidence of the burial or burials within it. The accumulated deposits in the surrounding ditch will contain environmental evidence of activity at and around the barrow. These fills will also preserve evidence of the prehistoric landscape in which the barrow was constructed, as will the buried ground surface beneath the mound itself. Today the barrow is easily visible to members of the public passing along the adjacent footpath to the common, and is an important element in the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a bowl barrow, situated on a north facing slope at the western foot of Croft Ambrey hillfort. The barrow is immediately north of a footpath leading from Leinthall Common to Yatton, and is surrounded by mature trees. Prior to afforestation it would have been a clearly visible landmark on the valley side, commanding a view north up the valley to the River Teme. The remains include an earthen mound, roughly oval at the base and measuring 9m diameter north to south and 6m diameter east to west. The mound is 0.85m high. A 2m wide ditch was visible around the barrow in 1975, from which material for the construction of the mound will have been quarried. However, this feature is no longer visible on the surface. A shallow scoop touches the mound on its west side and another cuts into it slightly on the east. The unsurfaced public footpath abuts the southern (upslope) edge of the barrow mound. The footpath has a wooden post fence on either side; this fence is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27486

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Pye, W, Herefordshire Archaeological News, (1975)

End of official listing