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Linear dyke extending for 2.2km in Coneysthorpe Banks Wood

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Linear dyke extending for 2.2km in Coneysthorpe Banks Wood

List entry Number: 1013696

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Appleton-le-Street with Easthorpe

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Barton-le-Street

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Coneysthorpe

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Slingsby

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Nov-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28203

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

This section of dyke is well preserved as an earthwork and significant archaeological remains will be retained within the bank and ditch. The dyke is part of a wider system of boundaries, enclosures and ritual sites. Similar groupings of monuments are known elsewhere in the north east of England and offer important scope for the study of the development and exploitation of the landscape in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a discontinuous linear dyke extending east to west for 2.2km below the edge of the escarpment forming the south of the Vale of Pickering. The dyke has been divided into five areas. The dyke includes a bank up to 5m wide and 0.7m high with a ditch lying to the north up to 2m wide and 0.6m deep. The dyke broadly follows the contour of the hillside. It is cut through in several places by forest tracks and hollow ways. To the east, the dyke ends in a forest plantation and its full extent cannot yet be determined. To the west, it ends in a cultivated field where it has been reduced by agricultural activity although it continues 550m further to the west where it is the subject of a separate scheduling. The dyke is part of a wider system of boundaries extending across the Vale of Pickering. At the eastern end of the dyke at Scarrish Wood and Spring le Howl it is connected to other dykes extending northwards which divided the terrain into discrete units for social and agricultural purposes.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1993), 92-120
Other
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

National Grid Reference: SE 71102 72908, SE 71517 72884, SE 71886 72710, SE 72370 72477, SE 72758 72130

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013696 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 10:31:04.

End of official listing