Linear dyke extending for 2.1km from Fryton West Wood to Slingsby Banks Wood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013697

Date first listed: 23-Nov-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Linear dyke extending for 2.1km from Fryton West Wood to Slingsby Banks Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Fryton

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Slingsby

National Grid Reference: SE 68392 73660, SE 68673 73527, SE 68990 73396, SE 69199 73323, SE 69350 73260, SE 69647 73192, SE 70049 73115

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

This section of dyke is well preserved as an earthwork and significant archaeological remains will be retained within the bank and ditches. The dyke is part of a wider system of boundaries, enclosures and ritual sites. Similar groupings of monuments are known elsewhere in the north east of England and offer important scope for the study of the development and exploitation of the landscape in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a discontinuous linear dyke extending east to west for 2.1km below the edge of the escarpment forming the south of the Vale of Pickering. It is divided into seven separate areas. The dyke includes a bank up to 6m wide and 0.7m high with a ditch lying to the north up to 4m wide and 0.6m deep. At the eastern end the dyke widens to include a double ditch with intervening banks, a total width of 70m. The dyke broadly follows the contour of the hillside. It is cut through in several places by forest tracks and hollow ways. To the west, it ends in a forest plantation and its full extent cannot yet be determined. To the east, it ends at a cultivated field where it has been reduced by agricultural activity although it survives as an earthwork a further 550m to the east where it is the subject of a separate scheduling. This section of dyke is part of a wider system of boundaries extending across the Vale of Pickering. Other dykes extend north to south. They divided the terrain into discrete units for social and agricultural purposes.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28204

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1993), 92-120
Other
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

End of official listing