Wayside cross 100m north west of East Langford

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013722

Date first listed: 15-Dec-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Wayside cross 100m north west of East Langford
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Mid Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Bow

National Grid Reference: SS 72222 01266

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Despite restoration, the ancient portion of the wayside cross 100m north west of East Langford survives well and remains close to its original position. The circumstances of its removal and the location from which it was taken are well documented.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a wayside cross situated 100m north west of East Langford on Station Road leading from Bow. It survives as an ancient fragment of shaft with modern pedestal, socket stone, head and arms. The modern pedestal is octagonal in shape with a diameter of 1.6m. The length of each side is 0.7m and it is 0.2m high. Above this is a modern socket stone which measures 0.91m square at the base and 0.3m high. It is octagonal above with the length of each side being 0.38m. The ancient portion of shaft is 1.05m high, 0.27m square at the base, octagonal above small stops and tapers upwards. Above the shaft a modern head and arms have been added. This measures 0.55m wide at the arms, is 0.23m thick and 0.83m high. The cross is said to have once been part of a pavement in the village of Bow, and originally brought from Clannaborough. It was rescued and restored in 1921. This cross is Listed Grade II.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27322

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Masson Phillips, E M, 'Transactions of the Devonshire Association' in The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon, Part 2, , Vol. 70, (1938), 317
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS70SW-007, (1990)
MPP fieldwork by H. Gerrard, (1994)

End of official listing