Rowbarrow, 500m north west of Hedge End Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013747

Date first listed: 03-Aug-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Feb-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Rowbarrow, 500m north west of Hedge End Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Winterborne Stickland

National Grid Reference: ST 82561 06672

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced in height by cultivation, the bowl barrow called Rowbarrow 500m north west of Hedge End Farm is known from excavation to contain archaeological remains, providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a bowl barrow, known as Rowbarrow, 500m north west of Hedge End Farm. The mound now has a diameter of 22m. Although no sign of a ditch is visible it will survive as a buried feature c.3m wide. On the uphill east side the mound survives to a height of c.0.2m while on the west side the mound is c.0.5m high. This is probably the barrow partly excavated by Baron Hambro and William Shipp in 1860 when a cremation under an inverted urn was found on a raised bed of clay following a find earlier of a secondary deposit of three cremations in urns in the north side of the mound. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts although the ground beneath these is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27356

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Warne, C, Celtic Tumuli of Dorset, (1886), 14-15

End of official listing