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Wolfscote Hill bowl barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wolfscote Hill bowl barrow

List entry Number: 1013766

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hartington Town Quarter

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Nov-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Nov-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13308

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial disturbance due to excavation, Wolfscote Hill bowl barrow is still a well preserved example containing further significant archaeological remains. Unusually for this region, it is ditched.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Wolfscote Hill bowl barrow is a large, well preserved barrow situated on the highest point of Wolfscote Hill and visible over a very wide area. Located on the south-western ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire, the monument includes a sub-circular cairn measuring 26m by 24.5m, standing c.2m high and encircled by a rock-cut ditch c.4m wide. Partial excavations carried out by Bateman in 1843 or 1844 and Carrington in 1851 revealed a roofless cist containing two child skeletons and a food vessel. The centre of the barrow was found to have been disturbed prior to the excavations and contained many scattered bones and the fragments of two urns. A single edge-set stone, or orthostat, can also be seen within the cairn. Excluded from the scheduling is the Ordnance Survey trig point located near the centre of the monument but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 47
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire, (1986), 49
Pilkington, J, A View of the Present State of Derbyshire, (1789), 290

National Grid Reference: SK 13710 58320

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013766 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 03:54:50.

End of official listing