Benty Grange hlaew

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013767

Date first listed: 23-Oct-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Benty Grange hlaew
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales (District Authority)

Parish: Monyash

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 14606 64220

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A hlaew is a burial monument of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and comprising a hemispherical mound of earth and redeposited bedrock constructed over a primary burial or burials. These were usually inhumations, buried in a grave cut into the subsoil beneath the mound, but cremations placed on the old ground surface beneath the mound have also been found. Hlaews may occur in pairs or in small groups; a few have accompanying flat graves. Constructed during the pagan Saxon and Viking periods for individuals of high rank, they served as visible and ostentatious markers of their social position. Some were associated with territorial claims and appear to have been specifically located to mark boundaries. They often contain objects which give information on the range of technological skill and trading contacts of the period. Only between 50 and 60 hlaews have been positively identified in England. As a rare monument class all positively identified examples are considered worthy of preservation.

Although the centre of Benty Grange hlaew has been partially disturbed by excavation, the monument is otherwise undisturbed and retains significant archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Benty Grange hlaew, or Anglian barrow, is situated in the western upland ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a central earthen mound, the surrounding ditch and the encircling penannular banks. Overall, the monument is roughly circular and measures 23m by 22m. The mound is a low, bowl-shaped feature with a diameter of c.15m and stands c.0.6m high. The ditch is currently c.0.3m deep by c.1m wide while the outer banks are c.3m wide by c.0.2m high. In 1848, during a partial excavation of the central mound carried out by Thomas Bateman, rich Anglian grave-goods were recovered which date the barrow to c.AD600. These included the remains of a quilted byrnie or chainmail shirt, the framework of an iron helmet with bronze and silver decoration and a boar crest, the silver rim and ornaments of a cup which had been made of a perishable material such as wood, leather or horn, three circular enamels, a knot of fine wire and a quantity of decorated bone bearing the impression of silk fabric, and a six-pronged iron instrument with a looped tang. The latter, along with the byrnie and helmet, was found c.2m west of the other artefacts which, themselves, were clustered round the head of an inhumation, of which only the hair survived. Bateman believed that the barrow had only ever contained one body but the isolation of the iron ware from the other remains suggests that there may have been two: one possibly a cremation which Bateman failed to detect. Future investigation would be able to verify this.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13371

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 28-33
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire, (1986), 47
Meaney, A L S, Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites, (1964)
Ozanne, A, 'Medieval Archaeology' in The Peak Dwellers, , Vol. 6/7, (1962), 15-52
Other
Barnatt, J W, Peak District Barrow Survey, 1989, unpublished survey

End of official listing