Section of Scots Dyke linear boundary 150m ENE of Olliver

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013780

Date first listed: 02-Jan-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Section of Scots Dyke linear boundary 150m ENE of Olliver
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Richmondshire (District Authority)

Parish: Aske

National Grid Reference: NZ 18731 03217

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Scots Dyke is a linear earthwork extending for 14km from the River Swale to the River Tees in North Yorkshire. Significant sections remain visible as upstanding earthworks and indicate that the dyke system had an earthen rampart flanked on the eastern side by a ditch. Elsewhere the dyke often survives as a low bank beneath present field boundaries. Where not preserved as an upstanding monument, the dyke is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs. It was constructed in the post Roman period and encloses an area in the eastern foothills of the Pennines between the Swale and Tees. This area contained wealthy arable and pastoral land as well as some of the mineral resources of the northern Pennines. Linear earthworks were used to divide territory for military, social, economic and political purposes, often using natural features such as rivers and watersheds to define an area. Scots Dyke was built during the sixth and seventh centuries AD in response to political changes brought about, at least in part, by the arrival of the Anglians in northern England. Fewer than 50 examples of linear earthworks of post Roman date have been identified in England. As a rare monument type of considerable importance to the study of early medieval territorial patterns, all surviving examples are identified as being of national importance. This monument includes a well preserved section of bank and significant archaeological remains will be preserved which offer important evidence for the study of form and function of the dyke and its relationship with the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a section of linear earthwork known as Scots Dyke extending north to south for 40m. The monument includes a bank 12m wide and up to 2m high. Originally a quarry ditch lay to the east of the bank but this has been altered by agricultural activity and is not included in the scheduling. Both ends of the monument have been truncated by agricultural activity and the dyke reappears as an earthwork 130m to the south and 400m to the north where it is the subject of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28207

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
McDonald, D A, Description and consideration of Scots Dyke, (1984)
Maclaughlan, , 'Archaeological Journal' in Roman Roads Camps and Earthworks in the North Riding, , Vol. VOL 6, (1849)
Other
RCHME, Scots Dyke, (1974)

End of official listing