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Long barrow 360m SSW of Chettle House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 360m SSW of Chettle House

List entry Number: 1013792

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chettle

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Dec-1926

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Feb-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27367

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow 360m SSW of Chettle House is a well preserved example of its class and one of several long barrows in the vicinity, being less than 2km from the west end of the Neolithic monument known as the Dorset Cursus. The barrow is known from part excavation to contain archaeological remains, providing information about Neolithic burial practices, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Neolithic long barrow 360m SSW of Chettle House, close to the parish boundary with Tarrant Hinton. The barrow, which is orientated east to west, is situated on the top of a gentle hill with views to the south and east. The barrow mound is c.82m long but clearly extends westwards into the arable field for possibly a further 15m, where it is visible as a slight rise of chalky soil. The mound is 17m wide at the west end and 19m at the east end. It is very uneven in profile with a maximum height of 2.5m. There is no clear indication of the ditches flanking the mound although they may be indicated by the darker soil in the ploughed fields on both sides and they will survive as buried features c.5m wide. The barrow mound has been truncated and disturbed in several places by part excavations in c.1700, 1776, and possibly more recently. These events are now represented by depressions in the mound surface. When the barrow was opened c.1700 it is reported that large quantities of human bones were found together with spear heads and other weaponry, perhaps suggesting pagan Saxon secondary burials. A further secondary burial was found in 1776. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: ST 95071 12800

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 06:59:00.

End of official listing