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Bowl barrow on Lodge Hill, 650m east of Old Callow Down Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow on Lodge Hill, 650m east of Old Callow Down Farm

List entry Number: 1013928

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Buckinghamshire

District: Wycombe

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bledlow-cum-Saunderton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Dec-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27124

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Lodge Hill is very well preserved. Despite some minor disturbance to the central area of the mound, the barrow is largely unaltered. Funerary remains will survive undisturbed within and below the mound allowing valuable insights into early burial practices and the beliefs of the community which constructed the monument. The former ground surface which lies buried beneath the mound will retain evidence for the character of the surrounding area at the time it was built. The position of the Lodge Hill bowl barrow within a wider group of similar barrows is of particular interest. Together, these monuments provide information concerning the variation and development of prehistoric burial practices, and the distribution of early settlement in the Chiltern Hills.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small, well preserved Bronze Age bowl barrow situated near the summit of Lodge Hill, a prominent knoll rising from the valley floor between Bledlow Ridge and Hemley Hill. The circular mound has a diameter of c.14m and stands to a height of 0.8m. There is no evidence for an encircling quarry ditch, and it is thought that the mound was created by gathering turf and soil from the surrounding hillside. The barrow forms part of an extensive group of similar monuments extending along the valley to the south west as far as Bradenham, and including two bell barrows located on the northern side of Lodge Hill, some 500m to the north west. This alignment is thought to reflect the route of a prehistoric trackway traversing the valley floor to the west of Lodge Hill and leading towards Wain Hill on the northern edge of the Chiltern escarpment. It is probably no coincidence that later settlements flank this route, including an Iron Age settlement on the southern slopes of Lodge Hill and a Roman villa some 700m further to the south (both the subject of separate schedulings).

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Dyer, J F, 'Archaeological Journal' in Barrows of the Chilterns, , Vol. 116, (1959), 14-23
Other
0879 Iron Age/Roman settlement, Lodge Hill,
Matthews, C L and Wainwright, A, National Trust Archaeological Survey - Bradenham, (1990)
Ordnance Survey Revision Card, JRL, SP 70 SE 30, (1974)
Roman Villa at lodge Hill Farm, 0878,

National Grid Reference: SP 79402 00044

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013928 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 03:54:32.

End of official listing